The rapidity with which a technology spreads in a culture depends on leadership which can consciously utilize the available cultural cues for adequate motivation. One cannot import leadership as one can import radar equipment. Not only for the purposes of psychiatric practice, but for the larger purposes of leadership training cultural studies are imperative. They are also imperative for transcultural integration and creative resolution of transcultural conflicts.
- Literacy is unconsciously permitted to be an index of positive cultural maturity. Events of the Second World War, for instance, the concentration camps and brutalities and psychopathic murders, the emergence of dictatorships go to show that literacy is desirable but has no relevance to positive cultural maturity or even to sound democracy.
- The adjective “superstition” is applied to beliefs that are not current in one's own culture. The fundamental, basic fact is denied, pushed away, that all normal perception is based on omission and addition of objectively non-existent data. The respectable words ‘selectivity of perception’; ‘mental set’; ‘situational set’; anything but hallucination is used for this purpose. Each culture chooses its own areas of selectivity of perception and experience, and their own criteria of reality. Greater care is needed in using such words as superstition, hallucination etc., in reference to cultures and peoples as a whole.
- The word “primitive”, too, requires some care when being used to apply to a people or culture as a whole or even to generations of the past.
- so called average representatives of a people;
- from clinical populations;
- paranormal phenomena in the culture.
- Is it an artefact of the questionnaire;
- Have we omitted significant areas, that is to say significant to a particular culture.